New editions of Landscape Ecology in Theory and Practice (Turner and Gardner) and Learning Landscape Ecology (Gergel and Turner) are in preparation!
Congrats to Dan Donato (postdoc 2010-12) on being named an Early Career Fellow (2014-2018) of the Ecological Society of America.
What is landscape ecology ?
Landscape ecology emphasizes the interaction between spatial pattern and ecological process–that is, the causes and consequences of spatial heterogeneity across a range of scales. Two important aspects of landscape ecology distinguish it from other sub-disciplines within ecology. First, landscape ecology explicitly addresses the importance of spatial configuration for ecological processes. Not only is landscape ecology concerned with how much there is of a particular component but also with how it is arranged. Second, landscape ecology often focuses upon spatial extents that are much larger than those traditionally studied in ecology. Landscape ecology offers new concepts, theory and methods that are revealing the importance of spatial patterning on the dynamics of interacting ecosystems.
What is ecosystem ecology?
Ecosystem ecology focuses on the flow of energy and matter through organisms and their environment. As such, it addresses pools, fluxes, and regulating factors. From ecosystem studies, ecology has gained an excellent understanding of the mechanisms underlying many processes and of temporal dynamics in function. However, understanding patterns, causes, and consequences of spatial heterogeneity in ecosystem function remains a frontier. Our emphasis has been on this intersection between ecosystem and landscape ecology.
Through collaborative research with other faculty (at UW and elsewhere) and researchers, postdoctoral associates, and both graduate and undergraduate students, we use field studies, spatial data and geographic information systems (GIS), and computer simulation modeling to examine the causes and consequences of spatial pattern in ecology. We are primarily a terrestrial ecology research group, but our work includes the interface between terrestrial and aquatic systems. Our research is united by a focus on interactions between patterns and processes while examining a diverse range of topics:
- Fire, vegetation and ecosystem processes in Yellowstone National Park
- Land-water interactions in north temperate landscapes
- Landscape dynamics in the Southern Appalachian Mountains
- Spatial synergies and tradeoffs among ecosystem services
- Bioenergy crops and terrestrial wildlife
- Tools and resources for landscape ecology
Dr. Monica G. Turner
Department of Zoology
University of Wisconsin-Madison
430 Lincoln Drive
Madison, Wisconsin 53706
Tel.: (608) 262-2592
turnermg @ wisc.edu